hea beams

HEA & HEB Structural Steel Beams: Use, Types, Materials (S235, S275, S355), and Weights

hea beams

HEA & HEB Structural Steel Beams: Use, Types, Materials (S235, S275, S355), and Weights

HEA and HEB steel beams are European standard wide flange beams used extensively in construction and engineering. HEA beams, characterized by their lighter weight and thinner flanges, are ideal for applications requiring efficiency without heavy load-bearing needs. HEB beams, with their thicker flanges and greater depth, provide enhanced strength and rigidity, making them suitable for a wide range of structural applications where higher load capacity is necessary. Both types offer versatility and reliability for modern architectural and structural designs.



HEA steel beams are a type of European standard wide flange beam, characterized by their “H” cross-section where the dimensions of the flanges and the web are in approximate proportion. The acronym “HEA” stands for “High Edge (or European) A,” indicating that these beams have relatively wider flanges and thinner webs compared to other types of structural steel beams.

HEA steel beam
HEA steel beam

HEA Beams Features:

  • Lightweight Design: HEA beams are designed to be lighter than HEB and HEM beams, making them a preferred choice for structures where weight saving is crucial without significantly compromising structural integrity.
  • Flange and Web Proportions: The flanges of HEA beams are wider and thinner, offering a good balance between strength and flexibility, which is advantageous for architectural and structural applications that require both.
  • Applications: HEA beams are commonly used in the construction of commercial and residential buildings, frames for roofs and floors, bridges, and other structures where efficient support is needed without excessive bulk.
  • Manufacturing Standards: They are manufactured following European standards, which ensure consistent quality and performance across all HEA beams.


HEB steel beams are a type of wide flange beam commonly used in construction and engineering projects across Europe and globally. The acronym “HEB” stands for “High Edge (or European) B,” indicating a series of beams with a broad flange and greater depth compared to HEA beams, making them stronger and more suitable for carrying heavier loads.

HEB steel beam type
HEB steel beam type

HEB Steel Beams Features

  • Robust Design: HEB beams feature a stronger and heavier design than HEA beams. Their flanges and webs are thicker, which contributes to their higher load-bearing capacity.
  • Proportions: They have a wide flange and a thick web, providing excellent resistance against bending and shear forces. The proportion of their dimensions is designed to optimize structural efficiency in various applications.
  • Applications: Due to their robustness, HEB beams are widely utilized in the construction of industrial buildings, bridges, heavy infrastructure, and where large spans or heavy loads are involved. They are also preferred in environments that require high structural integrity and durability.
  • Manufacturing Standards: Like HEA beams, HEB beams are manufactured according to European standards, ensuring high quality, reliability, and uniformity across all beams.


While HEA and HEB structural steel beams share some similarities, including their H-shaped cross-section, there are key differences in their dimensions and applications that make each suited to specific structural needs.

HEA (High Edge A) Steel Beams

  • Design: Characterized by their relatively wider flanges and thinner web, HEA beams offer a good balance between strength and flexibility. The “A” signifies that these beams are lighter, with a lower profile compared to HEB beams.
  • Weight and Dimensions: HEA beams are designed to be lighter, which makes them a practical choice for structures where saving on weight is beneficial without heavily compromising on structural integrity.
  • Applications: Ideal for applications where the load is relatively moderate, such as in residential or commercial building frameworks, non-load-bearing walls, and architectural projects.

HEB (High Edge B) Steel Beams

  • Design: HEB beams have thicker webs and wider flanges than HEA beams, which makes them stronger and more rigid. The “B” indicates a heavier beam profile with a higher load-bearing capacity.
  • Weight and Dimensions: Due to their design, HEB beams are heavier and provide greater structural support, making them suitable for heavy-duty applications.
  • Applications: HEB beams are typically used in projects requiring enhanced structural support, including large commercial buildings, bridges, and supports for heavy machinery or loads.

Key Differences

  • Structural Strength and Load Capacity: HEB beams are stronger and have a higher load capacity due to their thicker flanges and webs, making them suitable for more demanding structural applications.
  • Weight: HEA beams are lighter, which may reduce material costs and facilitate easier handling and construction, especially in projects where the maximum strength of HEB beams isn’t necessary.
  • Dimensional Variety: Both HEA and HEB beams come in a range of sizes, but the specific dimensions and weight of each beam type cater to different structural needs and preferences.

Difference between HEA/HEB vs. HEM beams

Consult the linked article to learn about the key differences between HEM, HEA, and HEB beams.



The European standards (EN) provide specifications for the dimensions, tolerances, and physical properties of structural steel sections, including HEA (High Edge A) and HEB (High Edge B) steel beams. These specifications ensure consistency and quality across products used in construction and engineering projects within Europe and globally. The primary EN standards relevant to HEA and HEB steel beams are:

EN 10034: Structural Steel I and H Sections; Tolerances on Shape and Dimensions

This standard specifies the tolerance requirements for the shape and dimensions of structural steel I and H sections, which include HEA and HEB beams. It covers aspects such as straightness, depth, width, web and flange thickness, and mass per unit length.

EN 10025: Hot Rolled Products of Structural Steels

EN 10025 is a series of standards that outline the requirements for the chemical composition and mechanical properties of hot-rolled structural steel products. Although it encompasses various types of structural steels, including those used to manufacture HEA and HEB beams, it ensures the steel used meets certain criteria for strength and durability.

The EN 10025 specification for European steel beams is divided into multiple parts (e.g., EN 10025-2 for non-alloy structural steels), each focusing on a specific category of steel with its own set of properties and applications.

EN 10365: Hot Rolled Steel Channels, I and H Sections; Dimensions and Masses

EN 10365 provides detailed specifications for the dimensions and masses of hot-rolled steel channels, I-sections (which include HEA and HEB beams), and H-sections. It includes comprehensive tables that list the dimensions and mass (weight per meter) for each beam size, facilitating precise design and engineering calculations.


The common steel grades used for HEA and HEB beams in construction and engineering projects are typically carbon and low-alloy steels, which are outlined in several EN standards. These material grades are selected based on their mechanical properties, weldability, toughness, and suitability for various environmental conditions. 

EN 10025 S235JR

  • Standard: EN 10025-2
  • Characteristics: S235JR is a non-alloy structural steel grade with good weldability. This grade offers a blend of strength and ductility, which is suitable for general construction purposes.

EN 10025 S275JR

  • Standard: EN 10025-2
  • Characteristics: Slightly higher in strength than S235JR, S275JR steel is also a non-alloy structural grade with excellent weldability. It is used in structural and construction applications where higher strength is required.

EN 10025 S355J2

  • Standard: EN 10025-2
  • Characteristics: S355J2 is a high-strength, low-alloy structural steel grade with superior mechanical properties and enhanced resistance to atmospheric corrosion. It is well-suited for load-bearing structures and for use in harsh environmental conditions.

EN 10025 S355K2

  • Standard: EN 10025-2
  • Characteristics: Similar to S355J2, S355K2 is another high-strength, low-alloy structural steel. However, it has improved impact strength, especially at lower temperatures, making it ideal for structural applications in cold climates.

Selection Considerations

  • Mechanical Properties: The choice of material grade is influenced by the required mechanical properties, such as yield strength and tensile strength, which determine the beam’s load-bearing capacity.
  • Environmental Conditions: Steel grades with enhanced resistance to corrosion, like certain variations of S355 steel, are preferred for outdoor applications or in environments prone to corrosive elements.
  • Weldability and Fabrication: Grades with good weldability are essential for construction projects to ensure strong and durable welded joints.



H Steel beams HEA/HEB are a very commonly used type of steel profile. Beams, otherwise called “H” sections, continental beams, or HEA/HEB, are available in multiple material grades, the most common are EN 10025 S275, and S355. H sections look similar to I sections, but the flange is wider.

HEA Beams Sizes, and Mechanical Properties

HEA beam sizes

HEA Beams Sizes Weight (kg/m)Sectional Area (cm2)Inertial MomentResistance ModulesInertial Radius
bhaer  Jx (cm4)Jy (cm4)Wx (cm3)Wy (cm3)ix (cm)iy (cm)
HEA 100965,08,01216,721,24349,2133,872,7626,764,062,51
HEA 1201145,08,01219,925,34606,2230,9106,338,484,893,02
HEA 1401335,58,51224,731,421.033389,3155,455,625,733,52
HEA 1601526,09,01530,438,771.673615,6220,176,956,573,98
HEA 1801716,09,51535,545,252.51924,6293,6102,77,454,52
HEA 2001906,510,01842,353,833.6921.326388,6133.68,284,98
HEA 2202107,011,01850,564,345.411.955515,2177,79,175,51
HEA 2402307,512,02160,376,847.7632.769675,1230,710,056,00
HEA 2602507,512,52468,286,8210.453.668836,4282,110,976,50
HEA 2802708,013,02476,497,2613.674.7631.013340,211,867,00
HEA 3002908,514,02788,3112,518.266.311.26420,612,747,49
HEA 3003109,015,52797,6124,422.936.9851.479465,713,587,49
HEA 3003309,516,527105,0133,527.697.4361.678495,714,407,46
HEA 30035010,017,527112,0142,833.097.8871.891525,815,227,43
HEA 30039011,019,027125,0159,045.078.5642.311570.916,847,34
HEA 30044011,521,027140,0178,063.729.4652.896631,018,927,29
HEA 30049012,023,027155,0197,586.9710.373.55691,121,987,24
HEA 30054012,524,027166,0211,8111.910.824.146721,322,997,15
HEA 30059013,025,027178,0226,5141.211.274.787751,424,977,05
HEA 30064013,526,027190,0241,6175.211.725.474781,626,936,97
HEA 30069014,527,027204,0260,5215.312.186.241811,928,876,84
HEA 30079015,028,030224,0285,8303.412.647.682842,632,586,65
HEA 30089016,030,030252,0320,5422.113.559.485903,236,296,50
HEA 30099016,531,030272,0346,8553.81411.19933,639,966,35

HEB Beams Sizes, and Mechanical Properties

HEB beam sizes

HEB Beam Sizes Weight (kg/m)Sectional Area (cm2)Inertial Moment Resistance ModulesInertial Radius
bhaer  Jx (cm4)Jy (cm4)Wx (cm3)Wy (cm3)ix (cm)iy (cm)
HEB 1001006,010,01220,426,04449,5167,389,9133,454,162,53
HEB 1201206,511,01226,734,01864,4317,5144,152,925,043,06
HEB 1401407,012,01233,742,961.509549,7215,678,525,933,58
HEB 1601608,013,01542,654,252.492889,2311,5111,26,784,05
HEB 1801808,514,01551,265,253.8311.363425,7151,47,664,57
HEB 2002009,015,01861,378,085.6962.003569,6200,38,545,07
HEB 2202209,516,01871,591,048.0912.843735,5258,59,435,59
HEB 24024010,017,02183,2106,011.263.923938,3326,910,316,08
HEB 26026010,017,52493,0118,414.925.1351.148395,011,226,58
HEB 28028010,518,024103,0131,419.276.5951.376471,012,117,09
HEB 30030011,019,027117,0149,125.178.5631.678570,912,997,58
HEB 30032011,520,527127,0161,330.829.2391.926615,913,827,57
HEB 30034012,021,527134,0170,936.669.692.156646,014,657,53
HEB 30036012,522,527142,0180,643.1910.142.4676,115,467,49
HEB 30040013,524,027155,0197,857.6810.822.884721,317,087,40
HEB 30045014,026,027171,0218,079.8911.723.551781,419,147,33
HEB 30050014,528,027187,0238,6107.212.624.287841,621,197,27
HEB 30055015,029,027199,0254,1136.713.084.971871,823,207,17
HEB 30060015,530,027212,0270,017113.535.701902,025,177,08
HEB 30065016,031,027225,0286,3210.613.986.48932,327,126,99
HEB 30070017,032,027241,0306,4256.914.447.34962,728,966,87
HEB 30080017,533,030262,0334,2359.114.98.977993,632,786,68
HEB 30090018,535,030291,0371,3494.115.8210.981.05436,486,53
HEB 300###19,036,030314,0400,0644.716.2812.891.08540,156,38

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About the Author

Picture of Fabrizio S.

Fabrizio S.

Fabrizio is a seasoned professional in the international trading of materials for projects, including piping, steel, and metal commodities with a distinguished career spanning over two decades. He has become a pivotal figure in the industry, renowned for his expertise in bridging the gap between EPC contractors, end users, manufacturers, and stockists to facilitate the seamless delivery of complex piping product packages across the globe. Starting his journey with a strong academic background in business administration and international trade, Fabrizio quickly distinguished himself in the field through his adept negotiation skills, strategic vision, and unparalleled knowledge of the project materials market. His career trajectory has seen him collaborate with leading names in the construction, oil & gas, and petrochemical industries, earning a reputation for excellence in executing large-scale projects (EPC Contractors, Oil & Gas End Users). At the core of Fabrizio's success is his ability to understand the intricate needs of EPC contractors and end users, aligning these with the capabilities of manufacturers and stockists. He excels in orchestrating the entire supply chain process, from product specification and procurement to logistics and on-time delivery, ensuring that each project phase is executed flawlessly. Fabrizio's role involves intense coordination and communication, leveraging his extensive network within the industry to negotiate competitive prices, manage complex logistical challenges, and navigate the regulatory landscape of international trade. His strategic approach to package assembly and delivery has resulted in cost efficiencies, timely project execution, and high satisfaction levels among stakeholders. Beyond his professional achievements, Fabrizio is an active participant in industry forums and conferences, such as Adipec, Tube, and similar, where he shares insights on market trends, supply chain optimization, and the future of project materials trading. His contributions to the field are not only limited to his operational excellence but also include mentoring young professionals entering the trade. Fabrizio is one of the co-founders of Projectmaterials, a B2B marketplace targeting the above markets. https://www.linkedin.com/in/fvs20092023/

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4 Responses

  1. i have a h beam for sale. roughly 40 ft long. 6inches wide, 9-1/2inches wide and 5/8thick

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