What are branch connections (or pipe branch outlet fittings aka “Olets”)? Olet fittings are a family of forged products used to make 45 or 90 degrees integrally reinforced branch connections (deviations) from a run pipe (also called, header pipe) to a branch pipe (outlet pipe). The common types of branch fittings are Weldolet, Thredolet, Sockolet, Latrolet,… read more »
Buttweld fittings are used to change the pathway of a pipeline (elbows), reduce/increase its bore size (reducers), branch (tees, cross) or blind it (butt weld cap). BW fittings are used for pipes above 2 inches in diameter, whereas socket weld and threaded fittings are used for smaller size pipes.
A complete overview of ASTM materials for buttweld fittings: ASTM A234 (carbon and low-alloy steel), ASTM A403 (stainless steel), ASTM A815 (duplex and super duplex), and ASTM B366 (nickel alloys). The article reviews the chemical and mechanical properties of these pipe fittings specifications and their common uses. BUTTWELD FITTINGS MATERIALS Carbon steel buttweld fittings are common… read more »
The ASME/ANSI B16.9 specification covers the dimensions and the tolerances of carbon and alloy butt weld fittings. The MSS-SP 43 specification integrates ASME B16.9 to cover stainless steel and nickel alloy pipe fittings. In this article, we show the dimensions and weights of buttweld elbows, tees, and reducers. BUTTWELD FITTINGS DIMENSIONS ASME B16.9 45/90 Deg…. read more »
How to define forged fittings? The term “forged fittings” refers to two families of pipe fittings (socket weld and threaded) used for small bore pipes and piping systems (generally below 4 inches in diameter for Class 3000, and below 2 inches for fittings in class 6000 and 9000). These fittings are manufactured by forging and… read more »
Weldolet dimensions and weights (“center of the run to Weldolet face”, “size-on-size” and “reducing” Weldolets sizes by NPS and schedule, and “run sizes combinations”). WELDOLET DIMENSIONS “Center of Run to Face” Size The distance between the run pipe center line and the Weldolet top-bore in mm (by pipe NPS/Schedule and Weldolet size): RUN PIPE NPS… read more »
Compression fittings are used to create leak-free tube connections easily and quickly. Double ferrule compression fittings feature an outer nut, two deformable ferrules in soft alloy or non-ferrous metals and, a tube fitting body and are available for metric and fractional tube sizes. When the fitting nut is screwed on the tube, the ferrules get deformed to… read more »
What is a stub end and why should it be used? Stub ends are buttweld fittings that can be used (in combination with a lap joint flange) alternatively to welding neck flanges to make flanged connections. The use of stub ends has two advantages: it can reduce the total cost of flanged joints for piping… read more »
BWG and SWG are alternative measurements for steel tubing sizes (outside diameter and wall thickness). BWG stands for “Birmingham Wire Gauge” (or “Stubs Iron Wire Gauge”). Each BWG number (example from 10 to 22) represents a specific steel tubing thickness, which can be converted in inches or mm. SWG stands for “Standard Wire Gauge” (also… read more »
A fillet weld is defined, by the American Welding Society (AWS), as “A weld of approximately triangular cross section joining two surfaces approximately at right angles to each other in a lap joint, T-joint, or corner joint.” This type of welding technique is used to connect socket weld fittings or slip on flanges to pipes…. read more »
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