fbpx

Valve Material Specifications (A216/351/352/105/182)

Learn about the key ASTM material specifications for valves. A cast valve body is manufactured by pouring liquid metals into molds and is common for valves above 2 inches in diameter. A forged valve body is produced by forging and machining solid steel. The key specifications for cast steel valves body materials are ASTM A216 (WCA, WCB, WCC), ASTM A352 LCB/LCC (low-temperature), and ASTM A351 CF8/CF8M. ASTM A105, A350 and A182 cover body materials for small size (or high pressure) forged valves.  

CAST STEEL VALVES

1505908241-7177-Valvebody

First, let’s clarify the difference between cast vs. forged valve, even if it may seem obvious: cast valves feature a cast body, forged valves have a forged body. That’s it! The difference relates to the valve body material construction technique, i.e. steel forging or casting.

Let’s now review the key cast valve body materials.

ASTM A216 WCA, WCB, WCC (CARBON STEEL HIGH-TEMP.)

The ASTM A216 specification covers 3 grades of carbon steel (WCA, WCB, and WCC), which feature slight differences in terms of chemical and mechanical properties. These grades for cast valves bodies match carbon steel pipes in grades A53, A106, API 5L.

ASTM A216 steel castings shall be heat treated and can be manufactured in the annealed, or normalized, or normalized and tempered conditions. The surface of steel castings shall be free of adhering elements such as sand, cracks, hot tears, and other defects.

ASTM A216 carbon steel valves (cast), material chart
ASTM A216 GRADE C Mn P S Si Cu Ni Cr Mo V
WCA UNS J02502 0.25(1) 0.70(1) 0.04 0.045 0.60 0.30 0.50 0.50 0.20 1.00
WCB UNS J03002 0.30(2) 1.00(2) 0.04 0.045 0.60 0.30 0.50 0.50 0.20 1.00
WCC UNS J02503 0.25(3) 1.20(3) 0.04 0.045 0.60 0.30 0.50 0.50 0.20 1.00

Notes:

  1. For each reduction of 0.01% below the specified maximum Carbon content, an increase of 0.04% manganese above the specified maximum is allowed up to a maximum of 1.10%.
  2. For each reduction of 0.01% below the specified maximum Carbon content, an increase of 0.04% Mn above the specified maximum is allowed up to a maximum of 1.28%.
  3. For each reduction of 0.01% below the specified maximum Carbon content, an increase of 0.04% manganese above the specified maximum is allowed to a maximum of 1.40%.

ASTM A352 LCB/LCC (CARBON STEEL LOW-TEMP.)

The ASTM A352 specification covers multiple grades of low-temperature carbon steel (called LCA, LCB, LCC, LC1, LC2, LC3, LC4, LC9, CA6NM) for cast steel valves, flanges, fittings, and other pressure-containing parts.

Chemical composition of A352 cast valves Gr. LCA/LCB/LCC (valve material chart):

GRADE C Si Mn Cr Mo Ni Cu Nb V
ASTM A352 LC3 0.15 0.6 0.65 3.5
ASTM A352 LCA 0.25 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.2 0.5 0.3 0.03
ASTM A352 LCB 0.3 0.6 1 0.5 0.2 0.5 0.3 0.03
ASTM A352 LCC 0.25 0.6 1.2 0.5 0.2 0.5 0.03

ASTM A351 CF8/CF8M (STAINLESS STEEL)

The ASTM A351 specification covers austenitic steel castings for valves, flanges, fittings, and other pressure-containing parts.

The most common grades are ASTM A351 CF3, CF8 (SS304), and CF8M (SS316).

The steel shall be made by the electric furnace process with or without separate refining such as argon-oxygen decarburization.

Any ASTM A351 cast part shall receive heat treatment followed by a quench in water or rapid cooling. The steel shall conform to the chemical and mechanical requirements set by the specification.

ASTM A351 stainless steel valves, chemical composition
ASTM A351 GRADE UNS C Mn Si S P Cr Ni Mo Nb V N Cu
CF3+CF3A J9270 0.03 1.5 2.0 0.040 0.040 17.0-21.0 8.0-11.0 0.50
CF8+CF8A J9260 0.08 1.5 2.0 0.040 0.040 18.0-21.0 8.0-11.0 0.50
CF3M+CF3MA J9280 0.03 1.5 1.50 0.040 0.040 17.0-21.0 9.0-13.0 2.0-3.0
CF8M J9290 0.08 1.5 1.50 0.040 0.040 18.0-21.0 9.0-12.0 2.0-3.0
CF3MN J92804 0.03 1.5 1.50 0.040 0.040 17.0-21.0 9.0-13.0 2.0-3.0 0.10-.20
CF8C J92710 0.08 1.5 2.0 0.040 0.040 18.0-21.0 9.0-12.0 0.50 ( 1 )
CF10 J92950 0.04-0.10 1.5 2.0 0.040 0.040 18.0-21.0 8.0-11.0 0.50
CF10M J92901 0.04-0.10 1.5 1.50 0.040 0.040 18.0-21.0 9.0-12.0 2.0-3.0
CH8 J9340 0.08 1.5 1.50 0.040 0.040 22.0-26.0 12.-15.0 0.50
CH10 J93401 0.04-0.10 1.5 2.0 0.040 0.040 22.0-26.0 12.-15.0 0.50
CH20 J93402 0.04-0.20 1.5 2.0 0.040 0.040 22.0-26.0 12.0-15.0 0.50
CK20 J94202 0.04-0.20 1.5 1.75 0.040 0.040 23.0-27.0 19.0-22.0 0.50
HK30 J94203 0.25-0.35 1.5 1.75 0.040 0.040 23.0-27.0 19.0-22.0 0.50
HK40 J94204 0.35-0.45 1.5 1.75 0.040 0.040 23.0-27.0 19.0-22.0 0.50
HT30 N08030 0.25-0.35 2.0 2.50 0.040 0.040 13.0-17.0 33.0-37.0 0.50
CF10MC   0.10 1.50 1.50 0.040 0.040 15.0-18.0 13.0-16.0 1.7-2.25 ( 2 )
CN7M N0807 0.07 1.50 1.50 0.040 0.040 19.0-22.0 27.5-30.5 2.0-3.0 3.0-4.0
CN3MN J94651 0.03 2.0 1.0 0.010 0.040 20.0-22.0 23.5-25.5 6.0-.0 0.18-.26 0.75
CE8MN   0.08 1.0 1.50 0.040 0.040 22.5-25.5 8.0-11.0 3.0-.5 0.10-.30
CG-6MMN J93790 0.06 4.0-6.0 1.0 0.030 0.040 20.5-23.5 11.5-13.5 1.50-3.0 0.10-.30 0.10-.30 0.20-.40
CG8M J9300 0.08 1.50 1.50 0.040 0.040 18.0-21.0 9.0-13.0 3.0-4.0
CF10SMnN J92972 0.10 7.0-9.0 3.50-.50 0.030 0.060 16.0-18.0 8.0-9.0 0.08-.18
CT15C N08151 0.05-0.15 0.15-.50 0.50-.50 0.030 0.030 19.0-21.0 31.0-.0 0.50-.50
CK-3MCuN J93254 0.025 1.20 1.0 0.010 0.045 19.5-20.5 17.5-19.5 6.0-7.0 0.18-.24 0.50-1.0
CE20N J92802 0.20 1.50 1.50 0.040 0.040 23.0-26.0 8.0-.0 0.50 0.08-.20
CG3M J92999 0.03 1.50 1.50 0.040 0.040 18.0-21.0 9.0-.0 3.0-4.0

Notes:

  1. Grade CF8C shall have a Niobium content 8 times above the Carbon but not over 1.00%.
  2. Grade CF10MC shall have a Niobium content 10 times above the Carbon but not over 1.20%.

MECHANICAL PROPERTIES CAST STEEL VALVES CHART

Minimum Steel Mechanical Properties Modulus Approximate
ASTM CAST GRADE  Tensile strength
(psi)
Yield strength
(psi min)
Elongation
(at 2 inches)
Reduction of Area (%)    
ASTM A216 Grade WCB 70,000 36,000 22 35 27.9 137-1 87
ASTM A352 Grade LCB 65,000 35,000 24 35 27.9 137-1 87
ASTM A217 Grade C5 90,000 60,000 18 35 27.4 241 Max.
ASTM A217 Grade WC1 65,000 35,000 24 35 29.9 215 Max.
ASTM A217 Grade WC6 70,000 40,000 20 35 29.9 215 Max.
ASTM A217 Grade WC9 70,000 40,000 20 35 29.9 241 Max.
ASTM A352 Grade LC3 65,000 40,000 24 35 27.9 137
ASTM A217 Grade C12 90,000 60,000 18 35 27.4 180-240
ASTM A351 Grade CF-8 65,000 28,000 35 28 140
ASTM A351 Grade CF-8M 70,000 30,000 30 28.3 156-170
ASTM A126 Class B 31,000 160-220
ASTM A126 Class C 41,000 160-220
ASTM A395 Type 60-45-15 60,000 45,000 15 23-26 143-207
ASTM A439 Type D-2B 58,000 30,000 7 148-211
ASTM B62 30,000 14,000 20 17 13.5 55-65*
ASTM B143 Alloy 1A 40,000 18,000 20 20 15 75-85*
ASTM B147 Alloy 8A 65,000 25,000 20 20 15.4 98*
ASTM B148 Alloy 9C 75,000 30,000 12 min. 12 17 150
(Weldable Grade) 65,000 32,500 25 23 120-170
ASTM A494 (Hastelloy B) 72,000 46,000 6
ASTM A494 (Hastelloy C) 72,000 46,000 4
Stellite No. 6 121,000 64,000 01.feb 30.4
ASTM B211 Alloy 20911-T3 44,000 36,000 15 10.2 95
ASTM B16 1/2 Hard 45,000 15,000 7 50 14
ASTM B21 Alloy 464 60,000 27,000 22 55
AISI 12L 14 79,000 71,000 16 52 163
ASTM A108 Grade 1018 69,000 48,000 38 62 143
(Suitable for ASTM A193 Grade B7 bolt material) 135,000 115,000 22 63 29.9 255
ASTM A276 Type 302 85,000 35,000 60 70 28 150
ASTM A276 Type 304 85,000 35,000 60 70 149
ASTM A276 Type 316 80,000 30,000 60 70 28 149
ASTM A276 Type 316L 81,000 34,000 55 146
ASTM A276 Type 410 75,000 40,000 35 70 29 155
ASTM A461 Grade 630 135,000 105,000 16 50 29 275-345
Alloy K500 (K Monel) 100,000 70,000 35 26 175-260
ASTM B335 (Hastelloy B) 100,000 46,000 30
ASTM B336 (Hastelloy C) 100,000 46,000 20

RECOMMENDED SERVICE (CAST VALVE MATERIALS)

The table shows the most common materials for cast valves and their recommended service:

MATERIAL GROUP MATERIAL GRADE RECOMMENDED SERVICE
High-temperature Carbon Steel ASTM A216 Grade WCB Non-corrosive fluids as water, oil, and gases at temperatures range -20°F (-30°C) and +800°F (+425°C)
Low-temperature Carbon Steel ASTM A352 Grade LCB Low temperature to -50°F (-46°C). Use excluded above +650°F (+340°C).
Low-temperature Carbon Steel ASTM A352 Grade LC1 Low temperature to -75°F (-59°C). Use excluded above +650°F (+340°C).
Low-temperature Carbon Steel ASTM A352 Grade LC2 Low temperature to -100°F (-73°C). Use excluded above +650°F (+340°C).
3.1/2% Nickel Steel ASTM A352 Grade LC3 Low temperature to -150°F (-101°C). Use excluded above +650°F (+340°C).
1.1/4% Chrome 1/2% Moly Steel ASTM A217 Grade WC6 Non-corrosive fluids as water, oil, and gases at temperatures range -20°F (-30°C) and +1100°F (+593°C).
2.1/4% Chrome ASTM A217 Grade C9 Non-corrosive fluids as water, oil and gases at temperatures range -20°F (-30°C) and +1100°F (+593°C).
5% Chrome 1/2% Moly ASTM A217 Grade C5 Mild corrosive or erosive applications and non-corrosive applications at temperatures between -20°F (-30°C) and +1200°F (+649°C).
9%Chrome
1% Moly
ASTM A217 Grade C12 Mild corrosive or erosive applications and non-corrosive applications at temperatures between -20°F (-30°C) and +1200°F (+649°C).
12% Chrome Steel ASTM A487 Grade CA6NM Corrosive application at temperatures between -20°F (-30°C) and +900°F (+482°C).
12% Chrome ASTM A217 Grade CA15 Corrosive application at temperatures up to +1300°F (+704°C)
Stainless steel 316 ASTM A351 Grade CF8M Corrosive or either extremely low or high-temperature non-corrosive services between -450°F (-268°C) and +1200°F (+649°C). Above +800°F (+425°C) specify carbon content of 0.04% or greater.
Stainless steel 347 ASTM 351 Grade CF8C Mainly for high temperature, corrosive applications between -450°F (-268°C) and +1200°F (+649°C). Above +1000°F (+540°C) specify carbon content of 0.04% or greater.
Stainless steel 304 ASTM A351 Grade CF8 Corrosive or extremely high temperatures non-corrosive services between -450°F (-268°C) and +1200°F (+649°C). Above +800°F (+425°C) specify carbon content of 0.04% or greater.
Stainless steel 304L ASTM A351 Grade CF3 Corrosive or non-corrosive services to +800F (+425°C).
Stainless steel 316L ASTM A351 Grade CF3M Corrosive or non-corrosive services to +800F (+425°C).
Alloy-20 ASTM A351 Grade CN7M Good resistance to hot sulfuric acid to +800F (+425°C).
Monel ASTM 743 Grade M3-35-1 Weldable grade. Good resistance to corrosion by all common organic acids and salt water. Also highly resistant to most alkaline solutions to +750°F (+400°C).
Hastelloy B ASTM A743 Grade N-12M Well suited for handling hydrofluoric acid at all concentrations and temperatures. Good resistance to sulphuric and phosphoric acids to +1200°F (+649°C).
Hastelloy C ASTM A743 Grade CW-12M Good resistance to span oxidation conditions. Good properties at high temperatures. Good resistance to sulphuric and phosphoric acids to +1200°F (+649°C).
Inconel ASTM A743 Grade CY-40 Very good for high-temperature service. Good resistance to spangly corrosive media and atmosphere to +800°F (+425°C).
Bronze ASTM B62 Water, oil or gas: up to 400°F. Excellent for brine and seawater service.

We recommend purchasing the ASTM A216 specification from the ASTM website or the IHS store to get a complete understanding of this topic.

FORGED STEEL VALVES

Forged valves materials

Forged valves feature a body obtained by forging monolithic blocks of steel

Forged bodies are common for small diameter valves (generally, below 2 inches) or for high-pressure valves that require extreme robustness and solidity.  Forged bodies are less prone to leakages than cast valve body materials.

The ASTM A105, ASTM A350, and ASTM A182 specifications cover materials for carbon, low-alloy, and stainless steel forged valves. 

The chemical and mechanical properties of the ASTM carbon, alloy, stainless forged materials (A105, A350, A182) are illustrated in this article.

RECOMMENDED SERVICE

The table shows the most common materials for forged valves and their respective recommended service:

Forged Material Grade

ASTM Grade Material Name Recommended Service
304 19%Chrome 9%Nickel Applications at temperatures up to +1000°F (+538°C).
316 19%Chrome, 10%Nickel 2%Moly Applications at temperatures up to +1000°F (+538°C).
321 18%Chrome, 10%Nickel with Titanium Applications at temperatures up to +800°F (+427°C).
347 18%Chrome, 10%Nickel with Columbium 347 has good intergranular-corrosion resistance and is resistant to atmospheric conditions between temperatures of +800°F(+427°C) and +1650°F(+899°C).
400 Monel This nickel alloy has good corrosion resistance, good weldability and, high strength. Great mechanical properties at subzero temperatures up to +1000°F (+538°C).
410 13%Chrome 1/2%Moly 410 is the basic martensitic stainless. It has good impact strength, corrosion and scaling resistance up to +1200°F (+649°C).
420 13%Chrome, 1%Nickel 1/4%Moly Full corrosion resistance only in the hardened or hardened and stress relieved conditions. The temperature should be below +800°F (+427°C).
600 Inconel This nickel-chromium alloy has good oxidation resistance at higher temperatures to +2000°F (+1093°C)
625 Inconel This nickel-chromium alloy has good carburization and oxidation in high-resistance at higher temperatures to +2000°F (+1093°C).
825 Incoloy Alloy 825 has a high level of corrosion resistance in both reducing and oxidizing environments and good mechanical properties at temperatures up to +1000°F (+538°C).
17-4PH 15-1/2%Chrome 4-1/2%Nickel Good corrosive resistance properties at temperatures up to +600°F (+316°C).
304H 18%Chrome 9%Nickel Applications at temperatures up to +800°F (+427°C).
304L 19%Chrome, 10%Nickel Low Carbon Applications at temperatures up to +800°F (+427°C).
316H 18%Chrome, 8%Nickel with Molybdenum Applications at temperatures up to +800°F (+427°C).
316L 19%Chrome, 10%Nickel 2%Moly, Low Carbon Applications at temperatures up to +800°F (+427°C).
317L 25%Chrome, 21%Nickel 3/4%Moly 317L has superior corrosion resistance in difficult environments and can be used at temperatures between +1700°F (+927°C) to +2200°F (+1204°C).
440C 17%Chrome 3/4%Moly This grade is used in the hard plus tempered condition. For best corrosion resistance, the tempering temperature should be below +800°F (+427°C).
800H/HT Incoloy This nickel-chromium alloy has good carburization and oxidation in high-resistance and normally used in temperatures above +1100°F (+593°C).
A105N 1/4% Max Carbon Steel Non-corrosive applications including water, oil and, gases at temperatures between -20°F (-30°C) and +800°F (+427°C).
ALLOY 20 20%Chrome, 35%Nickel 2-1/2%Moly Good resistance to hot sulfuric acid to +800°F (+425°C).
C276 Hastelloy This nickel-molybdenum-chromium alloy has excellent corrosion resistance in a wide range of corrosive media and corrosion resistant to ambient temperatures.
F11 1-1/4%Chrome 1/2%Moly Non-corrosive applications including water, oil and, gases at temperatures between -20°F (-30°C) and +1100°F (+593°C).
F22 2-1/4%Chrome 1%Moly Non-corrosive applications including water, oil and, gases at temperatures between -20°F (-30°C) and +1100°F (+593°C).
F5 5%Chrome 1/2%Moly Non-corrosive applications at temperatures between -20°F (-30°C) and +1200°F (+650°C).
F51 22%Chrome, 5%Nickel 3%Moly F51 is a super duplex stainless steel. Good  Moderate to good corrosion resistance in a variety of environments. Service to +600°F (+316°C).
F53 25%Chrome, 7%Nickel 4-1/2%Moly F53 is a super duplex stainless steel. This material has excellent corrosion resistance in a variety of environments. Service to +600°F (+316°C).
F55 25%Chrome, 7%Nickel 3-1/2%Moly This material combines high mechanical strength and good ductility with excellent corrosion resistance in environments with temperatures up to +600°F (+316°C).
F9 9%Chrome 1%Moly Non-corrosive applications at temperatures between -20°F (-30°C) and +1200°F (+650°C).
F91 9%Chrome 1%Moly Non-corrosive applications at temperatures between -20°F (-30°C) and +1200°F (+650°C).
K500 Monel This nickel alloy has good corrosion resistance. Monel K500 has great mechanical properties at subzero temperatures up to about +480°C.
LF2 Low Temp Carbon Steel Non-corrosive applications at temperatures from -50°F (-46°C) to +800°F (+427°C).
X-750 Inconel This nickel-chromium alloy has good resistance to corrosion and oxidation along with high tensile and creep-rupture properties at temperatures up to +1300°F (+700°C).

CROSS REFERENCE CHART: ASTM CAST VS. FORGED MATERIALS

Material Group Forged Grade Equivalent Cast Grade
Carbon Steel A181-Gr.1 A181-Gr.2
Moderate, high temp. service A105-Gr.1 A105-Gr.2 A216-WCA WCB WCC
Cold temp. service A350-LF1 A350-LF2 A352-LCB, LCC
Carbon -1/2 Moly Alloy Steel
High Temp Service A182-F1 A217-WC1
Cold Temp Service A352-LC1
1/2Cr-1/2Mo Alloy Steel A182-F2
1/2Cr-1/2Mo-1 Alloy Steel A217-WC4
3/4Cr-1 Mo-3/4NI Alloy Steel A217-WC5
1Cr-1/2Mo Alloy Steel A182-F12
1Cr-1 Mo-Vd Alloy Steel A404-F24 A389-C24
1-1/4Cr-1/2Mo Alloy Steel A182-F11 A217-WC6
1-1/4Cr-1/2Mo-Vd Alloy Steel A389-C23
2-1/4Cr-1/2Mo-Vd Alloy Steel A182-F22 A217-WC9
3Cr-1 Mo Alloy Steel A182-F21
5Cr-1/2Mo Alloy Steel A182-F5
5Cr-1/2Mo-Si Alloy Steel A217-Gr.C5
7Cr-1/2Mo Alloy Steel A182-F7
9Cr-1 Mo Alloy Steel A182-F9 A217-Gr.C12
13Cr Alloy Steel A182-F6 A351-CA15
Type 304 Stainless Steel
Standard A182-F304 A351-Gr.CF8 CF8a
Low Carbon A182-F304-L A351-Gr.CF3 CF3a
High Temp Service A182-F304-H A351.Gr.CF10
Type 309 Stainless Steel
Type 310 Stainless Steel A182-F310
Type 316 Stainless Steel
Standard A182-F316 A351-Gr.CF8M
Low Carbon A182-F316-L A351-Gr.CF3M
High Temp Service A182-F316-H A351.Gr.CF10
Type 317 Stainless Steel A403-WP317
Type 321 Stainless Steel
Standard A182-F321
High Temp Service A182-F321-H
Type 347 Stainless Steel
Standard A182-F347
High Temp Service A182-F347-H A351-Gr.CF8C
Type 348 Stainless Steel
Standard A182-F348
High Temp Service A182-F348-H
20 Ni-8 Cr Alloy A182-F10
2 Nickel Alloy Steel
Low Temp Service A352-LC2

 

VALVE TRIM

The trim of a valve is the collective name for all the (replaceable) parts of a valve in direct contact with the fluid (“wet parts”).

The valve trim includes, generally, the disc/plug, the stem, the cage, the seat ring, the gaskets and the packing (the trim configuration depends on the type of valve). The API 600 trim chart designates the typical combinations with a conventional number (example, Trim 8).

The API 600 specification designates some typical combinations of the valve trim materials with a number (API trim #1, trim #2, etc.).

The selection of the correct combination of the trim materials is one of the most important decisions to specify valves correctly.

API TRIM # TRIM MATERIAL SEAT DISC/WEDGE BACKSEAT STEM
1 410 410 410 410 410
2 304 304 304 304 304
3 F310 310 310 310 310
4 Hard 410 Hard 410 410 410 410
5 Hardfaced Stellite Stellite 410 410
5A Hardfaced Ni-Cr Ni-Cr 410 410
6 410 and Cu-Ni Cu-Ni Cu-Ni 410 410
7 410 and Hard 410 Hard 410 Hard 410 410 410
8 410 and Hardfaced Stellite 410 410 410
8A 410 and Hardfaced Ni-Cr 410 410 410
9 Monel Monel Monel Monel Monel
10 316 316 316 316 316
11 Monel Stellite Monel Monel Monel
12 316 and Hardfaced Stellite 316 316 316
13 Alloy 20 Alloy 20 Alloy 20 Alloy 20 Alloy 20
14 Alloy 20 and Hardfaced Stellite Alloy 20 Alloy 20 Alloy 20
15 304 and Hardfaced Stellite Stellite 304 304
16 316 and Hardfaced Stellite Stellite 316 316
17 347 and Hardfaced Stellite Stellite 347 347
18 Alloy 20 and Hardfaced Stellite Stellite Alloy 20 Alloy 20

API TRIM MATERIAL SELECTION

TRIM RECOMMENDED SERVICE
13% Cr, Type 410 Stainless Steel For oil and oil vapors and general services with heat treated seats and wedges.
13% Cr, Type 410 plus Hardfacing Universal trim for general service requiring long service life up to 1100°F (593°C).*
Type 316 Stainless For liquids and gases which are corrosive to 410 Stainless Steel, up to 1000°F (537°C).*
Monel For corrosive service to 842°F (450°C) such as acids, alkalies, salt solutions, etc.
Alloy 20 For corrosive service such as hot acids -49°F to 608oF (-45°C to 320°C).
NACE Specially treated 316 or 410 trim combined optionally with B7M Bolts and 2HM nuts to meet NACE MR-01-75 requirements.
Full Stellite Full hard faced trim, suitable for abrasive & severe services up to 1200°F (650°C).*

* Depends upon base material grade

Comments

So empty here ... leave a comment!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Sidebar