There are different container types used for sea and land transportation. They differ by shape (standard, open top, flat-rack), length (20 and 40 feet) and by loading capacity (net and gross). In this article, we illustrate the sizes of commercial containers and explain the difference between FCL and LCL.

 

20 FEET CONTAINERS TYPES AND DIMENSIONS

20 feet container

20′ STANDARD CONTAINER

  • INSIDE LENGTH: 5.895 m
  • INSIDE WIDTH: 2.350 m
  • INSIDE HEIGHT: 2.392 m
  • DOOR WIDTH: 2.340 m
  • DOOR HEIGHT: 2.292 m
  • CAPACITY: 33 m3
  • TARE WEIGHT: 2230 Kgs
  • MAX CARGO WEIGHT: 28230 Kgs

20′ OPEN TOP CONTAINER

  • INSIDE LENGTH: 5.888 m
  • INSIDE WIDTH: 2.345 m
  • INSIDE HEIGHT: 2.315 m
  • DOOR WIDTH: 2.286 m
  • DOOR HEIGHT: 2.184 m
  • CAPACITY: 32 m3
  • TARE WEIGHT: 2250 Kgs
  • MAX CARGO WEIGHT: 30480 Kgs

20′ FLATRACK CONTAINER

  • INSIDE LENGTH: 5.698 m
  • INSIDE WIDTH: 2.230 m
  • INSIDE HEIGHT: 2.255 m
  • DOOR WIDTH: 0.000 m
  • DOOR HEIGHT: 0.000 m
  • CAPACITY: 0 m3
  • TARE WEIGHT: 2500 Kgs
  • MAX CARGO WEIGHT: 21500 Kgs

40 FEET CONTAINERS TYPES AND DIMENSIONS

40 feet container

40′ STANDARD CONTAINER

  • INSIDE LENGTH: 12.029 m
  • INSIDE WIDTH: 2.350 m
  • INSIDE HEIGHT: 2.392 m
  • DOOR WIDTH: 2.340 m
  • DOOR HEIGHT: 2.292 m
  • CAPACITY: 67 m3
  • TARE WEIGHT: 3780 Kgs
  • MAX CARGO WEIGHT: 26700 Kgs

 40′ HIGH-CUBE CONTAINER

  • INSIDE LENGTH: 12.024 m
  • INSIDE WIDTH: 2.350 m
  • INSIDE HEIGHT: 2.697 m
  • DOOR WIDTH: 2.340 m
  • DOOR HEIGHT: 2.597 m
  • CAPACITY: 76 m3
  • TARE WEIGHT: 4020 Kgs
  • MAX CARGO WEIGHT: 26460 Kgs

40′ OPEN TOP CONTAINER

  • INSIDE LENGTH: 12.029 m
  • INSIDE WIDTH: 2.342 m
  • INSIDE HEIGHT: 2.326 m
  • DOOR WIDTH: 2.341 m
  • DOOR HEIGHT: 2.274 m
  • CAPACITY: 65 m3
  • TARE WEIGHT: 3810 Kgs
  • MAX CARGO WEIGHT: 26670 Kgs

40′ FLATRACK CONTAINER

  • INSIDE LENGTH: 11.832 m
  • INSIDE WIDTH: 2.228 m
  • INSIDE HEIGHT: 1.981 m
  • DOOR WIDTH: 0.000 m
  • DOOR HEIGHT: 0.000 m
  • CAPACITY: 0 m3
  • TARE WEIGHT: 4200 Kgs
  • MAX CARGO WEIGHT: 40800 Kgs

 

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN FCL AND LCL

FCL stands for “Full Container Load”, whereas LCL means “Less Than Container Load”.

WHAT MEANS FCL (FULL CONTAINER LOAD)?

Full Container Load (FCL). Full Container Load means that all goods in the container are listed on one single Bill of Lading (BL), and as such are owned by a single party. It does not matter how full the container is (i.e. a shipper may book an FCL but occupy only a portion of it). When an exporters books an FCL, the payment is based on the price of a full container regardless of the actual weight being shipped.

WHAT MEANS LCL (LESS THAN CONTAINER LOAD)?

LCL cargos are used when an exporter doesn’t have enough goods to ship to fill one full container completely. LCLs are managed by forwarders that book FCLs and stuff them with goods from different exporters (groupage shipment). Each seller pays only the portion of the weight and of the space actually occupied by their goods, and the load is split by the shipper at arrival. Each seller has a separate bill of lading that can be negotiated separately.

The main differences between FCL and LCL are:

  • occupied space/weight (total or partial)
  • cost per kg (LCL are generally more expensive)
  • transit time (LCL may take longer time due to consolidation operations at departure and deconsolidation at arrival)