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Shipping

Miscellaneous technical and commercial articles covering materials for energy projects

What is a Mill Test Certificate (EN 10204 2.1, 3.1, 3.2)?

A Mill Test Certificate (MTC), or Mill Test Report (MTR), is issued by a manufacturer to certify the chemical and mechanical features of a product and its compliance to the applicable norms and technical specifications. Typically, Mill Test Certificates conform to the EN 10204 standard and are related to steel products. MILL TEST CERTIFICATE A… read more »

Incoterms 2010: FCA, DAP, EX-WORKS, CIF, FOB

Incoterms 2010 (FCA, DAP, EX WORKS, CIF, FOB, CFR, DAT, etc.) define, in a purchase contract, the responsibilities of the buyer and the supplier in the transaction: transfer of ownership of the goods, payment of transportation costs and insurance, loading and unloading risks. Incoterms have been issued by the International Chamber of Commerce in 2010… read more »

Key Shipping Documents for Exporters

An overview of the common documents in the export/import business, divided by type:  financial (invoices, insurance policy), transportation (B/L, AWL, CMR), quality assurance (inspection reports) documents. Exporters shall be familiar with the documents that have to prepared to export the goods to a foreign location. In this article, we review the most common ones and their… read more »

Containers and Pallets: Sizes and Types

Goods can be shipped on wooden, plastic or metallic pallets or containers (20, 40 feet, side or top entry). The article reviews gross and net weights, types and carrying capacity of pallets and containers CONTAINERS 20′ STANDARD CONTAINER INSIDE LENGTH: 5.895 m INSIDE WIDTH: 2.350 m INSIDE HEIGHT: 2.392 m DOOR WIDTH: 2.340 m DOOR HEIGHT: 2.292 m CAPACITY: 33 m3… read more »

HS Codes for Pipes, Valves, Fittings, Piping

The Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System (HS) is a recognized standardization system to classify imported/exported products for taxation and statistical reasons. The nomenclature foresees 21 sections, subdivided into 96 chapters and in above 5.000 headings and subheadings (representing individual commodities).  WHAT ARE HS CODES? The HS system defines a serial number for almost any… read more »

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